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Global Care Hospital  >  Ophthalmology   >  All you need to know about Ophthalmology

All you need to know about Ophthalmology


What is Ophthalmology?

Ophthalmology is one of the most important medicine branches that involves everything related to the eyes, including diagnosis and treatment diseases that can affect the eye.

Our eye is a sensitive organ, and there are many risk factors can affect the eye health, but keeping check-up for your eyes health can protect from other complications.

Checking eyes condition is important, and you can visit:

  • Ophthalmologists
  • Optometrists
  • Opticians

Each one of them has an important role, to give you all the care you need to keep your eyes in good health.

What is an ophthalmologist?

Ophthalmologist has an important role including:

  • Diagnosis of eye diseases.
  • Treat different eye diseases through different ways such as medicines or surgeries.
  • Perform eye surgeries.

Some eye surgeries can be done by an ophthalmologist are procedures related to vision conditions, besides prescribing eyeglasses.

The ophthalmologist can treat many eye conditions such as glaucoma, cataracts, and corneal conditions.

What is an optometrist?

Optometrists have different roles including checking eye healthcare and correcting refractive issues, besides diagnosing the problem and treating it.

What is an optician?

Another one of the eye care team is the optician, he has a different role involves using the optometrists prescription for the glasses and eyewear in general.

How to choose your doctor?

Of course, it depends on your condition, if you are not complaining about a certain issue, you can choose between ophthalmologist and optometrists for a check-up.

And in case you have a certain condition that needs specific care and treatment, the doctor will refer you to a specialist.

Common eye health conditions

There are many health issues that can affect the eyes, such as:

One of the common conditions that affect our eyes is cataracts, which make the vision unclear, as there is a cloud, and with time, the vision can be affected badly.


Glaucoma is considered one of the common eye issues too, and it’s a condition affecting the optic nerve, this condition happens due to high pressure in the eye.

Besides all of that, glaucoma can lead to blindness, and older people have higher risks for this condition.

Common eye procedures (vision correction)

Deciding to perform a surgery or not, depends on the condition you have, but there are different common procedures that aim to correct vision we can mention, to know more about them such as:

  • Lasik
  • Cataract surgery
  • Glaucoma Surgery.
  • Macular Degeneration Surgery.
  • Photorefractive Keratectomy (PRK)

Vision correction can be through different ways, not only surgeries or using laser procedures, it can be through wearing glasses too, but all of that depends on what the specialist will decide for you.

To determine the problem, the specialist will perform some tests, to make the right diagnosis then prescribe the right treatment for you, after checking the eye health and the reasons behind the condition that can lead to more complications.

You should care about visiting the doctor for a check-up, and detect any earlier problem.


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